Carmen Sarasua

J-5-ECO 05a: Dynamics of Occupational and Demographic Change in Eurasia 1700-2000: Diverging Paths or Convergence in Occupational Structures and Population Densities?

The panel aims to cover a significant part of Eurasia from the British Isles to Japan for the last three hundred years, in order to explore the dynamics of industrialisation and urbanisation across Eurasia by focusing on changes in occupational structures and population densities in long-term perspective. At the intersection of economic geography and historical demography our aim is to conduct a spatiotemporal analysis of economic and demographic change in a comparative perspective.

Sven Damen, Erik Buyst: Industrialization and De-industrialization in Belgium, 1850-2010: what do Occupational Structures tell us?
Carmen Sarasua: Women's and Men's Occupational Structure in 18th Century Spain
Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Xuesheng You: Female Occupational Structure in England and Wales in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
Herman J. de Jong, Dirk Stelder: Industrialization and Occupational Structure in the Netherlands since 1800


Asociación de Demografía Histórica, XI Congress, June 22-24 2016, Cádiz
S-13. Women's participation rates and wages, 1750-1950

ORGANIZERS: Carmen Sarasúa (UAB), Ricardo Hernández (U. de Valladolid), Fernando Mendiola (U. Pública de Navarra)
The panel focuses on the connections between women's participation rates and wages, in particular:

  • To what extent the characteristics of the labor supply (age, civil status, number and age of children, occupation and household structure) shaped women's and men's wages.
  • Whether women's wages were affected by their human capital and benefitted from a skill premium
  • Impact of husbands' wages on women's participation rates (income effect), and impact of women's wages on their own participation rates (subsititution effect).
  • Impact of women's and men's wages, and their participation rates, in their demographic behaviour: age at marriage, celibacy, fertility. To what extent the 'European Marriage Pattern' based on high wages and participation rates for women, was a reality in Southern Europe.
  • Family uses of wages: budgets (conssumption, savings, investments) and their connection to women and men's wellbeing.


Forthcoming Publications (2016): “The Economy of Work”
Ch. 1 of A Cultural History of Work in the Age of Enlightenment, vol. 4 of the Cultural History of Work Series, edited by Deborah Simonton and Anne Montenach, Bloomsbury Academic.